Science

A biochemist collects, analyzes, and interprets results on various topics. Primarily though, a biochemist studies the chemistry of living processes at molecular and cellular levels such as cell development, reproduction, death, and even metabolism. Biochemists study the chemical and physical properties of cells by using electron microscopes. Watch a video to learn what a biochemist …

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Biofuel managers are in a cutting edge field as biofuel is fuel produced from organisms such as plants and other organisms and not crude oil. Those in the biofuel industry find and create alternative fuel sources for environmental and economic benefits. The environmental advantage includes using a renewable resource, as a plant-sourced fuel can be …

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A biological technician collects samples for analysis and performs experiments on substances using lab equipment. They also maintain and clean the equipment they use as well as assist other biological and medical scientists with their experiments and tests. Biological technicians may also be called laboratory assistants. Watch a video to learn what a biological technician: …

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A biologist studies living and dead organisms. Some biologists focus in a certain area to research, such as wildlife biologists, marine biologists, or microbiologists. All of these biologists have the same fundamental education in biology and then specialize in a field they enjoy. No matter the type of biologist, they all should have a natural …

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A biomass power plant is one that burns a biomass resource (such as scrap wood, select crops, or even manure) to make steam that can run a turbine and produce electricity. This organic material is generally left over resources that can be repurposed to make electricity. Interestingly, some coal power stations have converted to using …

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A biophysicist is a scientist who uses physics to study biological systems using an interdisciplinary approach. Studies from molecules to organisms are conducted, analyzed, and interpreted for scientific evidence in proving or providing information for the greater good of medicine or science. Watch a video to learn what a biophysicist does: How to Become a …

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A cartographer and photogrammetrist interprets, collects, and measures geographic data. They create user-friendly maps and update charts and maps for education and regional planning. They may also be known as a geographic information specialist because their maps provide support for decisions involving business and marketing, geology, engineering, environmental studies, and land-use planning. Watch a to …

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A chemical engineer optimizes chemicals, drugs, foods, and other products using physics, math, chemistry, and biology. They also test and plan ways to manufacture products and may supervise its production. These engineers also design equipment for large-scale sustainable and safe manufacturing. Additional titles chemical engineers may hold include engineering scientists, process engineers, project engineers, and …

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A chemical technician assists chemists and chemical engineers research, develop, produce, and test chemical products and processes by using laboratory techniques and instruments. They usually work full-time in laboratories or manufacturing facilities where they conduct experiments and monitor production processes. Watch a video to learn what a chemical technician does. How to Become a Chemical …

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A chemist tests ways to make existing products better and develops new products. For example, household cleaners, pharmaceutical drugs, plastics, and several other products may be improved by a chemist. Chemists analyze and test substances to find out their composition and concentration of elements. They may also write technical reports that would detail methods and …

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A clinical lab technologist will perform complex tests and laboratory procedures that surgeons, physicians, or other healthcare personnel order. These technologists are also sometimes referred to as medical laboratory scientists. Clinical laboratory technologists may also specialize in a field, such as in an area of immunity technologist, microbiology technologist, or clinical chemistry technologist. Watch a …

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A conservation scientist protects, manages, and improves natural resources. They typically work with state, local, and federal governments and private landowners to safeguard the environment by discovering ways to improve and use the land. They will evaluate environments to include studying forest and soil quality. Watch a Video: How to Become a Conservation Scientist Conservation …

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A cytotechnologist specializes in the study of cells. They are trained to look for abnormalities that may indicate disease or infection. Cytotechnologists work in labs; they stain, mount, and study cells through a microscope. These technologists are instrumental in helping detect cancer and other cell abnormalities. Additional career titles include cytology lab manager or technical …

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A food scientist studies the deterioration and processing of foods by using microbiology, engineering, and chemistry. They determine nutrient levels of food by analyzing its content. They look for new nutritional food sources and investigate avenues for making processed foods taste good, safe, and healthy. They also find the best way to distribute, process, preserve …

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A forensic science technician analyzes and collects evidence that is involved with criminal investigations. Some work directly at crime scene sites, whereas others may only work in the laboratory, dissecting the collected information. A forensic science technician tests evidence from crime scenes using physical, chemical, and biological analysis. Watch a video to learn what a …

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Separate from other health science professions, a genetic counselor provides knowledge to their patients about their family history and their chances that a condition to occur or reoccur. They may also counsel a person or their entire family on lifestyle choices that may minimize any health risks that were identified. Some genetic counselors may also …

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Geneticists review the results of genetic laboratory tests and work to diagnose or attempt to treat genetic diseases. This career field is highly technical and ever-evolving, so those in this career must keep up-to-date with the latest research and advances in scientific, medical, and genetics research. Watch a video to learn what a geneticist does: …

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A geographer studies nature, land, and the earth. They also research the inhabitants and features of a region on a global or local level. They study and examine cultural or political structures and phenomena relating to geography and present their findings. They may also create graphs, diagrams, and maps with the use of geographical information …

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A geological or petroleum technician attempts to discover valuable resources by analyzing geological samples of minerals and soil. They support engineers and scientists in extracting and exploring natural sources like crude oil, minerals, and the detection of natural gas. Geological technicians indicate the potential for exploration to determine chemical or physical properties and test geological …

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A geologist tries to understand the Earth and many specialize in various areas of geology. They may spend time in the field collecting samples of the Earth and creating geological maps of the area they are assessing. They might also work in a lab, analyzing samples collected and using specialized geographic software to study the …

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A geophysicist studies various aspects of the earth. According to the U.S. Geological Survey, they study gravity, magnetic, electrical, and seismic activity occurrences. Geophysicists also document, evaluate, and take measurements of geographic features and anomalies. Watch a video to learn what a geophysicist: How to Become a Geophysicist Geophysicists must earn a minimum of a …

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A geoscientist studies the structure, progression, and composition of the Earth. They also study the Earth’s past, present, and future in relation to it’s internal composition like the atmosphere, oceans, and the Earth’s electric, gravitational, and magnetic force. Watch a Video: How to Become a Geoscientist Most employers require a bachelor’s degree in a related …

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Herpetologists work within the branch of zoology that studies in amphibians and reptiles. They may in a research capacity, find themselves at a zoo or aquarium, or as an educator working at a college or university. Though they study amphibians or reptiles, they may also learn other skills (such as teaching or working with laboratory …

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Hydrologists study water and all the forms water takes (such as rain, snow, and ice). They research groundwater, the quality of water, and how water influences the environment. The purpose of this research is to effectively try and solve environmental issues relating to water. Watch a Video: How to Become a Hydrologist For an entry-level …

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A lab technician analyzes samples such as body fluids and chemicals. They assist scientists and medical personnel with tasks such as keeping records and conducting tests. Watch a video to learn what a lab technician does. How to Become a Lab Technician When looking to become a lab technician, there are a number of things …

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A landscape architect designs landscapes for businesses, parks, private homes, or even a college campus. They may plan and design the land area of an airport, hospital, highway or any recreational facility. A landscape architect would write proposals and develop marketing strategies to continually secure new business. Watch a video to learn what a landscape …

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A marine biologist studies ocean organisms. They protect, observe, study, or manage marine organisms or animals, plants, and microbes. Therefore, marine biologists hold many titles and specializations. For instance, they might be found managing wildlife preserves to protect marine organisms. They may also study marine fish populations or test for bioactive drugs. They write scientific …

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A materials scientist studies and researches the chemical properties and structures of different synthetics, natural, or composite materials. These materials would include ceramics, rubber, metals, and glass, among others. They create ways to combine or strengthen materials, as well as develop new materials or properties. Watch a Video: How to Become a Materials Scientist A …

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A medical laboratory scientist performs complex tests and procedures to analyze body fluids, tissue, and other substances that have been ordered by surgeons, physicians, and other healthcare personnel. They often specialize after gaining experience or have furthered their education or training in this field. Those in this position are also called microbiology technologists, research assistants, …

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A medical scientist investigates human diseases and conducts research and methods to prevent and treat it in order to improve overall health in humans. They design studies, use clinical trials, develop experiments, and form hypotheses in order to understand certain health issues. Most medical scientists specialize in a certain area of research for example cancer …

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Meteorologists are scientists that study the atmosphere. Some focus on research while others educate the public on weather patterns and trends. These professionals provide the data necessary for the public, governments, agriculture, and transportation industries to make informed decisions based on weather conditions that make a global impact. Watch a video to learn what a …

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A microbiologist works in offices or laboratories. This career tests microorganisms like fungi, viruses, parasites, bacteria, and algae. They perform scientific experiments to attempt to understand how organisms interact with their environment or how they grow and live. They also interact and work with technicians and scientists on research teams. How to Become a Microbiologist …

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A park ranger can be found working in nature at a public park (this could be a national park or a state park). They provide historical information to visitors about the park and also may give lectures or tours providing education as well. Park rangers can also be called park naturalists, education specialists, park activities …

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A photogrammetrist specializes in using satellite images, aerial photographs, light imaging detection, and ranging technology to build models of the Earth’s surface and it’s features in order to create maps. They compile and analyze spatial data like distance and elevation. Watch a video to learn what a photogrammetrist does. How to Become a Photogrammetrist A …

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A physicist applies themselves to the discovery and study of the ways that energy and matter interact. Physicists often conduct, investigate, and conclude to solutions or theories in science. They also design scientific equipment for example electron microscopes, particle accelerators, and lasers that can be used to perform experiments. Watch a video to learn what …

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A science manager oversees physicists, scientists biologists, and chemists. They direct research and development, production, testing, and quality control. These managers ensure labs are stocked with supplies and equipment and also work with higher levels of management like production, financial, and marketing specialists. Watch a Video: ⭐ Find a College How to Become a Science …

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A seismologist studies seismic activity, such as energy waves that occur in the Earth from rocks breaking and shifting, the movement of tectonic plates, or fracking for petroleum, water, or natural gas. Because of the various reasons for seismic activity and the impact that has on the environment, some seismologists may specialize in one area …

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A soil and plant scientist (or agronomist) conducts research on a variety of agricultural items. These scientists have the skills and knowledge necessary to study how soil impacts plants or trees. This research enables them to investigate ways to increase crop yields and manage the impact of agriculture on an environment. Watch a Video: How …

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A water resource specialist is an expert in water supply, quality, and the regulations that are set to ensure quality and supply needs are met. These experts may have various job titles such as hydrogeologists or water resources engineers. They may also be tasked to consult with others on water conservation and water quality issues …

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Biologists study organisms. There are many specialties of biology. Biologists study organisms and then most specialize in a certain area of biology such as microbiology, marine biology, or wildlife biology. The focus of this article is on wildlife biologists. These biologists are most concerned about wildlife’s impact on their environment as well as human’s impact …

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A zookeeper is responsible to care for exotic animals and to ensure their habitat was safe and stimulating for the animals. Their ultimate responsibility is the care and wellbeing of animals and to monitor their physical and mental health on an ongoing basis. They would also feed the animals and ensure perform basic veterinary care. …

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A zoologist studies wildlife and other animals to gather data on how they interact with their ecosystems. They study the impact humans have on wildlife and natural habitats and the physical characteristics of animals and animal behavior. Zoologists may work in laboratories or offices. However, they often work outdoors in the field to study animals …

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An arborist (or tree surgeon or tree trimmer and pruner as they can sometimes be called) is a practitioner of arboriculture. These are career professionals that can cultivate, manage, care for, and rehabilitate trees and shrubs. There are also foresters who are professionals who specialize in managing an entire forest and may be responsible in …

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Architects design structures such as office buildings, businesses, stadiums, schools, malls, and homes. They might also design outdoor spaces. An architect will collect all information for a project to include site selection, environmental impact, zoning laws, building codes, and access to buildings for the disabled. They visit site locations to visualize their projects and prepare …

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An astronaut travels to an altitude of 50 miles or more for commercial, government, or scientific purposes. Many astronauts will work on the International Space Station with other astronauts from around the world. A fun fact is that an astronaut and a cosmonaut are the same thing, Russians just call astronauts, cosmonauts. Watch an interview …

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An astronomer is a scientist who studies the universe. They focus on the stars, planets, moons, celestial objects, and other galaxies. Some of their studies are observational and they may come up with theories to support their observations. Astronomers can specialize in planetary astronomy, galactic astronomy, or physical cosmology and their primary work is done …

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Astrophysicists are highly skilled and educated in many disciplines. You might gather from the name, they use astronomy and physics extensively in their work. According to NASA, the goal of their astrophysicists is to “discover how the universe works, explore how it began and evolved, and search for life on planets around other stars.” How …

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An atmospheric and space scientist analyses data from a variety of sources to make weather forecasts. They take their analysis and draft reports that advise others on the current weather and make weather predictions for the future. Those in this career may also be weather broadcasters and meteorologists. Watch a Video: How to Become an …

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Ecologists focus on the relationship of organisms within their environment. Ecology is a branch of biology (biology is the study of life). Given the broad scope of ecology, there are multiple sub-disciplines that an ecologist can choose to focus on. Since all living things (plants, animals, microbes) depend on other living things and a healthy …

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An environmental engineering technician collects environmental samples from the air, ground, or water. Through their testing they strive to contain, mitigate, or clean up pollution. Watch a video to learn what an environmental engineer does. Find a College How to Become an Environmental Engineering Technician Normally an environmental engineering technicians can gain employment holding an …

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An environmental scientist protects human health and the environment through their study and education in natural science. They analyze the dangers and effects the ecosystem may suffer from a variety of chemicals, advise policymakers, clean up polluted areas, and encourage industries to reduce waste. They might work in the field to monitor the environment or …

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An oceanographer has biological, chemical, geological, and physical specialties to the study of the ocean. They may work in laboratories, offices, or while at sea on offshore platforms or research ships. An oceanographer has extensive knowledge of the ocean and its biology, geology, physics, and chemistry. Watch a video to learn what an oceanographer does: …

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The Bureau of Labor Statistics considers a job as green if the career produces goods or services that “benefit the environment or conserve natural resources” or jobs where a worker would be involved in “making their establishment’s production processes more environmentally friendly or use fewer natural resources.” Recycling and Reclamation Worker Green Marketers Green marketers …

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