What does a Physical Therapy Assistant do?
|Citation||Retrieved in 2017 from BLS.org|
A physical therapy assistant helps patients that are healing from illnesses or injuries regain movement and manage pain under the supervision of a physical therapist. They provide direct care of the patient such as facilitating specific exercises, stretching, or teaching patients how to use prescribed equipment.
How to Become a Physical Therapy Assistant
Most states require a physical therapy assistant have an associate’s degree from an accredited physical therapist assistant program. These programs normally last 2 years and have both clinical and classroom study experience. Employer’s may want an applicant to hold a certificate in CPR and other first aid courses.
In addition a physical therapy assistant must also pass a licensure exam after graduating from an accredited program to practice. It is called the National Physical Therapy Exam and is administered by the Federation of State Boards of Physical Therapy. Some states also require applicants to pass additional state-administered exams and meet other state mandated requirements. Check with your state board for specific requirements.
Job Description of a Physical Therapy Assistant
A physical therapy assistant (PTA) helps the physical therapist perform the duties involved in patient care of those recovering from an illness or injury. PTA implement patient/client interventions, document information related to the treatment provided, and change therapy interventions as needed to progress the patient as directed by the physical therapist or to ensure their safety and comfort. They typically observe the patient from the beginning until the end of treatment and document their findings and then inform the physical therapist.
They help patients do exercises that are specific to their care and use other methods like stretching and massage in their treatment sessions. They help with balance training, ambulation, and other supervised methods of treatment. They educate the family members and the patient in after-care treatment before they discharge from a medical facility.
They typically treat patients of all ages, from babies to the senior citizens, who have health-related conditions or injuries that limit their abilities to move and perform functional activities. They work in occupational, speech, physical, and audiologist therapy facilities as well as hospitals. Some work in nursing care facilities, home health services, and a few work in physicians offices. A physical therapy assistant works long hours, normally full-time, and can be vulnerable to back injuries from lifting heavy patients and equipment.