What does a Statistician do?


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A statistician develops and applies statistical or mathematical theories to obtain and summarize useful information to help solve real-world problems. They collect and analyze data and use it in several industries, such as engineering, science, and business. The numerical data collected helps companies or clients understand quantitative data and track or predict potential trends that can be beneficial in making business decisions.

Watch the video to learn what a statistician does:

How to Become a Statistician


Most companies require a master’s degree in statistics or math. Some employers may consider a bachelor’s degree but would certainly want extensive experience and knowledge in this occupation prior to working. Masters degree usually includes mathematics, economics, computer science, or other quantitative field classes.

A bachelor’s degree in statistics may include courses such as linear algebra, calculus, experimental design, survey methodology, probability, and statistical theory.

Job Description of a Statistician

A statistician interprets and analyzes statistical information to solve engineering, economic, and biology issues. They report the results of their statistical analysis using graphs, charts, and tables for specific projects. They are responsible for identifying trends and relationships within the data for their clients. They also find out the data’s validity to account for inaccuracies or sampling errors.

Statisticians test and create sampling techniques, experimental designs, and analytical methods. They process data using computers for graphic analysis and statistical modeling. Therefore a statistician needs to have knowledge in electronics, computers, mathematics, and English. They should be able to problem-solve and communicate information or ideas so they can be understood correctly. A statistician sometimes trains or supervises others or coordinates activities to achieve certain goals. Most statisticians work in offices though some travel to oversee a survey’s design to collect information. One-quarter of statisticians work for government or private businesses.

Statistician Career Video Transcript

Whether they’re revolutionizing baseball, winning big on Wall Street, or predicting an election outcome, statisticians know how to turn data into useful information and tools. Statisticians design surveys and experiments to collect data and create models and algorithms that turn numbers into understandable concepts, identifiable trends and patterns, or conclusions. Startups looking to expand quickly and well-established businesses alike need the help of statisticians to make decisions.

Though they work in many fields, there are some common statistician specializations: Government statisticians monitor wages, the unemployment rate, and other important socioeconomic indicators. They analyze data and shed light on trends in the economy, the environment, pollution, and many other national and global arenas. Biostatisticians predominantly work in the healthcare industry. They may design drug studies or study how diseases spread.

Corporate Research and development also employs many statisticians. They may design experiments and analyze experimental data for product testing or help inform marketing strategies for consumer goods. Most statisticians need at least a master’s degree in statistics, math, or a related field, although some entry-level jobs are available for those with a bachelor’s degree. Is a statistician career for you? If you can calculate the odds, you’re already partway there.

Article Citations

Bureau of Labor Statistics, U.S. Department of Labor, Occupational Outlook Handbook, Mathematicians and Statisticians.

National Center for O*NET Development. 15-2041.00. O*NET OnLine.

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