What does a Wildlife Biologist do?

Median Pay $62,290
Growth Rate 8%
Citation Retrieved from BLS.gov

Biologists study organisms. There are many specialties of biology. Biologists study organisms and then most specialize in a certain area of biology such as microbiology, marine biology, or wildlife biology. The focus of this article is on wildlife biologists. These biologists are most concerned about wildlife’s impact on their environment as well as human’s impact on their ecosystem. Their efforts directly impact the preservation or protection of wildlife and it’s habitat.

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How to Become a Wildlife Biologist

wildlife biologist

To start out in an entry level position as a biologist, you’ll need a bachelor’s degree in biology. However, since many biologists specialize in one area of biology, often times a master’s degree is needed.

If you would like to work at a university or lead independent research, often a Ph.D. is necessary. According to O*Net Online, half of all wildlife biologists have a bachelor’s degree and the other half hold a master’s degree.

Job Description of a Wildlife Biologist

You can find wildlife biologists outdoors and traveling. They spend time observing wildlife and studying their natural habitat. They would study an animal’s physical characteristics as well as their behaviors. For example, wild life biologists would be interested in how animals interact with one another, how they use their environment, and migratory or travel patterns.

Though the office may not be where you find them most of the time, wildlife biologists spend some time in an office analyzing the data they collected. They make recommendations on ways to protect wildlife based off their findings and may collaborate with the public to consider options. In addition, they may provide educational outreach at schools, parks, and clubs.

Free Student and Teacher Resources

The National Wildlife Federation (link opens in a new tab) has educational resources for teachers such as lesson plans, webinars, and more. Their website created just for students is RangerRick.org (link opens in a new tab) and offers a free Nature Notebook that you can download blank notebook pages for.

Wildlife Biologist Video Transcript

I absolutely love being outdoors getting to study new species all the time. Learning about how they effect the ecology of an environment is fascinating to me. Conservation really means protecting wildlife and when I say wildlife I’m not just referring to animals but I’m talking about animals, plants, and their habitats so that our future generations can enjoy the wonderful landscapes and scenery that we can today.

The U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service refuge system is actually the largest set of land and water put together specifically for the protection of wildlife. I had experiences at Maine Coastal Islands National Wildlife Refuge setting puffins. I later went to Umbagog National Wildlife Refuge in New Hampshire monitoring loon populations and moose populations. I had the experience of working at Blackwater National Wildlife Refuge studying an endangered species which will now be delisted soon called the dalmarva fox squirrel. They are these big oversized squirrels that seem to be getting hit by cars a lot because they are so slow and sluggish.

Most squirrels go tree to tree to tree, well these guys are so slow that they come down a tree, go on the ground, come all the way back up the next tree, down the tree, and again but there populations are coming back now. When you collect all that data and all that information there’s a time when you have to be in the office to kind of analyze everything to see what the trends are to see what the populations are doing and that is very important data and very important things to do. You can also Chelsea in Conservation Connect, visit nctc.fws.gov/conservationconnect/. In each episode you’ll learn different careers, wildlife animals, and technology used to protect those animals. To find a wildlife refuge near you, visit fws.gov/refuges.

Article Citations

Bureau of Labor Statistics, U.S. Department of Labor, Occupational Outlook Handbook, Zoologists and Wildlife Biologists.

National Center for O*NET Development. 19-1023.00. O*NET OnLine.

The career video is in the Public Domain and originally hosted on Kids.gov which is now USA.gov, an interagency product administered by USAGov, a division of the U.S. General Services Administration’s Technology Transformation Service.